Plumeria rubra syn. Plumeria acutifolia, is a flowering plant in genus Plumeria of the family Apocynaceae, native to Mexico, Central america and Venezuela. It is also known as plumeria tree, plumeria, temple tree, West Indian jasmine, Red Frangipani, Common Frangipani or frangipani. The epithet rubra is derived from the Latin ‘ruber’ meaning red. Frangipani was named after the creator of the plumeria-scented Italian perfume, check this out.
Plumeria rubra is a popular garden and park plant, and is widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions around the world. Plumeria rubra is an important crop in Hawaii, with millions of flowers were sold to be used in leis (Hawaiian garland or wreath).
It is a spreading shrub or small tree, 3-10 m tall and wide, and a domed top. The trunk is thick and succulent with branches that are covered with a thin gray bark. The white, milky sap which ooze out from the brittle branches when cut or broken, is an irritant to the skin and mucous membrance. The decidous, green leaves are alternate, glossy, linear, large, lanceolate, 30-50 cm long, and are clustered at the end of the branches. The fragrant flowers are 5-7.5 cm diameter, terminal, borne at the end of branches, and can be of white, yellow, orange, pink, or red color with shades of yellow in the center of the flower. The five-petaled flowers are often profuse and very prominent. The fruit is a long toxic seedpod, 15-30 cm long, with 20-60 winged seeds.
Plumeria rubra grows well in full sun, and well-drained soil. It needs no pruning unless it becomes very lanky.Propagation is by seeds or cuttings. Disease is frangipani or plumeria rust. Rhus copallina or Rhus copallinum (Shining sumac) is a species of drought-tolerance, nonpoisonous flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae. It is native to eastern North America. Shining sumac is known by other common names such as black, dwarf flameleaf sumac, mountain sumac, and shiny sumac.
Shining sumac is an upright, deciduous shrub, 3-7 m tall, with a short trunk and spreading branches. Branches of this tree require pruning from time to time for the clearance beneath the canopy. The bark is light-brown to gray to reddish-brown in color is a smooth lenticels when its young and later will be large with a thin scales. The twigs is speckled with lenticels, and covered with fine, velvety, reddish-brown hairs. The alternate, pinnately compound leaves, 15-30 cm long, have wings between each of the dark green shaped leaflets. The leaves turn a brilliant orange-red in autumn. The small yellow green flowers has a terminal compact panicles. The fruit is a drupe, 3-5 mm diameter, containing a single seed. The fruit or berry has a short sticky red hairs that will eventually turn dark red when ripe. It often remain on the plant throughout the winter.
Shining sumac can be put on a container with an above-ground planter. It is also well-suited to natural and informal landscapes, providing cover for birds and wildlife. The tree grows in full sun or partial shade, and well-drained soil.
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